臨床醫學研究所

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謝奇璋老師, Mycobacterial infection induces higher interleukin-1β and dysregulated lung inflammation in mice with defective leukocyte NADPH oxidase., PLoS One. 2017 Dec 11;12(12):e0189453.

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Abstract

Granulomatous inflammation causes severe tissue damage in mycobacterial infection while redox status was reported to be crucial in the granulomatous inflammation. Here, we used a NADPH oxidase 2 (NOX2)-deficient mice (Ncf1-/-) to investigate the role of leukocyte-produced reactive oxygen species (ROS) in mycobacterium-induced granulomatous inflammation. We found poorly controlled mycobacterial proliferation, significant body weight loss, and a high mortality rate after M. marinum infection in Ncf1-/- mice. Moreover, we noticed loose and neutrophilic granulomas and higher levels of interleukin (IL)-1β and neutrophil chemokines in Ncf1-/- mice when compared with those in wild type mice. The lack of ROS led to reduced production of IL-1β in macrophages, whereas neutrophil elastase (NE), an abundant product of neutrophils, may potentially exert increased inflammasome-independent protease activity and lead to higher IL-1β production. Moreover, we showed that the abundant NE and IL-1β were present in the caseous granulomatous inflammation of human TB infection. Importantly, blocking of IL-1β with either a specific antibody or a recombinant IL-1 receptor ameliorated the pulmonary inflammation. These findings revealed a novel role of ROS in the early pathogenesis of neutrophilic granulomatous inflammation and suggested a potential role of IL-1 blocking in the treatment of mycobacterial infection in the lung.

 

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最後更新日期
2018-04-17