呂佩融 老師, ICAM2 initiates trans-blood-CSF barrier migration and stemness properties in leptomeningeal metastasis of triple-negative breast cancer., Oncogene . 2023 Jul 19.
Leptomeningeal metastasis (LM) occurs when tumor cells spread to the leptomeningeal space surrounding the brain and the spinal cord, thereby causing poor clinical outcomes. The triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) has been associated with symptoms of LM and mechanism remained unclear. Through proteomic analysis, we identified high expression of ICAM2 in leptomeningeal metastatic TNBC cells, which promoted the colonization of the spinal cord and resulted in poor survival in vivo. Two-way demonstration indicated that high levels of ICAM2 promoted blood–cerebrospinal fluid barrier (BCB) adhesion, trans-BCB migration, and stemness abilities and determined the specificity of LM in vivo. Furthermore, pull-down and antibody neutralizing assay revealed that ICAM2 determined the specificity of LM through interactions with ICAM1 in the choroid plexus epithelial cells. Therefore, neutralizing ICAM2 can attenuate the progression of LM and prolong survival in vivo. The results suggested that targeting ICAM2 is a potential therapeutic strategy for LM in TNBC.